An endoscopy is a (relatively) minimally invasive processu2014non surgicalu2014to examine the digestive tract. A bendable tube called an endoscope is inserted in one of two areas to view the digestive tract through a monitor. In an upper endoscopy, the tube is passed through the mouth and the throat, allowing a view into the northern region of the digestive tractu2014the esophagus, stomach and higher portion of the small intestine. In a colonoscopy (sometimes synonymous with sigmoidoscopy), the endoscope reaches through the rectum to examine the large intestine. In special cases, the pancreas and gallbladder can also be observed, but this would require a more complex procedure.
There are a few reasons to have an endoscopy. Generally, a doctor will examine these particular parts of the body due to consideration of infections, damage or cancer. In certain cases, an endoscopic biopsy will be necessary; this requires forceps that would acquire a tissue sample, which would then be provided to a lab for testing. Prior to an endoscopy, a doctor will have gone through various blood tests to accurately understand a need for said procedure.
Preparation preempting an endoscopy would be (generally) a half-day fast. Additionally, certain doctors may suggest an enema or laxative for the night prior, in order to clear out the bowels. Before the actual endoscopy, doctors will engage in a physical examination, to make sure the patient is able to go through the procedure. It is also useful to consider having a designated driver post-process in the case of prolonged effects from the anesthesia.
There are certain side effects of an endoscopy, but most of the following are rare: chest pain, organ damage, persisting pain in areas involved in the endoscopy, and swelling and redness in the vicinity of the incision. There are also more likely side effects, such as dark stool, vomiting, and difficulty swallowingu2014either way, a doctor should be consulted if any side effect were to occur.
Immediately after the procedure, the doctor will close the wound caused by the incision and bandage the area. He/she will provide instructions to care for the wound. Sometimes the procedure may leave a patient with slight discomfort, but generally thatu2019s nothing of concern.
For a quality endoscopy, itu2019s important to have quality products. Refurbished endoscopy equipment and used endoscopes that are a fraction of the price but exactly the same in quality to new equipment are available at M.D. Endoscopy, Inc.