Arthroscopy is used for examination and / or treatment of damage to the joints, for example, during knee surgery.u00a0
Bronchoscopes are used to examine the lungs for infection, bleeding, tumors, or blockages, and to take tissue or mucus samples.
Colonoscopes allow you to view the interior lining of the large intestine to identify possible ulcers, polyps, tumors, inflammation, or bleeding.
A colposcope is placed at the opening of the vagina and provides an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix, and is typiaclly used for the purpose of preventing cervical cancer by detection of precancerous lesions.
A cystoscope is inserted through the urethra, for the purpose of viewing the interior of the bladder, for the treatment of urinary problems.
A duodenoscope is inserted through the mouth and is used to view the small intestine, and is useful for removing gall stones, draining bile ducts, and treating pancreatitis for example.
Enteroscopes are used in the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, infections, viruses, bleeding, tumors or other abnormalities within the digestive system. u00a0
An esophagoscope is used to visualize the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract to the duodenum. It is inserted through the mouth, and while considered a minimally invasive procedure, will typically cause a sore throat.
Also inserted through the mouth, a gastroscope is used in the diagnosis and treatment of problems such asu00a0ulcers, cancers, and celiac disease within the stomach and duodenum (small intestine).
Hysteroscopes are inserted into the uterus through the cervix, and provide the ability to remove polyps, fibroids, adhesions, and lost IUDs, or perform biopsies, endometrial ablation, or for cannulation of the fallopian tubes.
Inserted through a small incision in the abdomen, laparoscopes diagnose and treat problems within the stomach, liver, or other abdominal organ, including female reproductive organs.
Inserted through the mouth, laryngoscopes treat and diagnose problems in the larynx. It may also be used to facilitate tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia or cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
A neuroendoscope is inserted through a small incision in the skull near the target area of the brain which is to be treated.
A proctoscope, also known as a rectoscope, is typically used to diagnose or treat hemorroids or rectal polyps.
Sigmoidoscopes are inserted through the anus and used for examination of the large intestine, from the rectum to the most distal part of the colon.
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 A thoracoscope is inserted through a small incision in the chest, and used for examination, biopsy or treatment of disease within the pleural cavity (lungs) and thoracic cavity (heart).
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 Ureteroscopes are used for examination of the urinary tract. Common reasons for this procedure include diagnosis or removal of ureter or kidney stones, urinary tract infections, andu00a0 cancers, polyps, and tumors.
Some other types of tools commonly used during endoscopy include:
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 Flexible Forceps ( For taking tissue samples )
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 Biopsy Forcepsu00a0 ( For taking tissue samples or removing suspicious growths )
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 Cytology Brushu00a0u00a0 ( For taking cell samples )
u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0u00a0 Suture removal Forcepsu00a0u00a0 ( For removing stitches inside the body )