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Endoscopy Overview

Endoscopy Overview

An endoscopy examines your digestive tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, and large intestine. It allows surgeons and doctors to find any problems in your body without having to make large incisions or put the person on an anesthesia. The reasons why a person would need to have an endoscopy include, but are not limited to, stomach pain, ulcers, trouble swallowing, digestive tract bleeding, changes in bowel habits, growths in the colon like polyps, and infections.

An endoscope such as the Olympus PCF-160AL is a flexible tube with a small camera at the end. A monitor is connected so that the doctor can see. It is capable of treating digestive tract problems via devices can be slipped through the endoscopes to stop any bleeding that’s detected or remove polyps, gallstones, or other substances created by the body.

There are different kinds of endoscopes depending on the organ being examined. They include:

Endoscopy preparations

Upper endoscopies require you to fast anywhere from six to eight hours, depending on your doctor’s instructions before the procedure begins. Examining the colon requires the complete evacuation of waste so a laxative is taken the night before the clear the system. In both cases the digestive system must be cleared of any substance so that the doctor can make a comprehensive examination. Sedation is also provided before a procedure, during which you will be monitored by a nurse anesthetist, to increase comfort. It produces relaxation and light sleep through an injection.

The Follow-Up

After the endoscopy, your doctor will close any incisions that he made and dress it with bandages. Most procedures will leave you with some discomfort that will go away after a short time. You will wake up from the sedative, but there will be residual effects of the medicine so do not drive until the next day when it will completely wear off. While you will be able to go home on the same day, most facilities recommend you not to handle machinery or make important decisions for the rest of the day. After you wake up you will be observed by a qualified person in the endoscopy or sent to a recovery room. If you had an upper endoscopy done you may be left with a mild sore throat, which responds to saline gargles or feeling of distention from the air that was used during the procedure. While you will be able to go home on the same day, most facilities recommend you not to handle machinery.

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